African Music Anthology
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Ferro and gaita: two haunting words that form the name of a unique group, but could equally serve as its manifesto or even an instruction manual to explain funana.
Funana, the local dance in Santiago (the largest and most African of Cape Verde’s islands), appeared at the start of the last century. Traditionally played on the "gaita" (or accordion) and the "ferrinho" (a sort of iron reco-reco), it was a basic form of country dance with a very African staccato beat and accordion airs that recalled the distant melodies of Portugal. Its popularity spiralled after independence when it was modernised with electric instruments and jazz and rock-based arrangements to become the symbol of Cape Verdean youth and hard-won freedom.
Ferro and gaita: this combination of a strip of metal (ferro) scraped back and forth and frantic accordion (gaita) has produced the archipelago’s most uplifting songs.